Tanzania’s former president Benjamin Mkapa is died and following is a brief history.
Benjamin Mkapa was born on November 12, 1938, in Masasi, Tanzania. Tanzania was at that time called Tanganyika. He was a Catholic and schooled at Catholic schools.
He earned a certificate from St. Francis College. That is the equivalent of a high school diploma in the United States—in 1956.
He then went to Uganda and enrolled at Makerere University College located in Kampala. He got his arts degree with honors in English in 1962.
He returned to Tanzania and was employed as a district administrative officer in Dodoma and Dar es Salaam. He then joined the foreign service in 1963.
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He took an interest in politics and joined the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU). TANU was the ruling party and it made him the managing editor of the party’s newspaper in May 1966.
In July 1974, the party promoted him to press secretary for President Julius Nyerere. Mkapa became the first director of, the Tanzanian news agency, Shihata, in 1974.
Julius Nyerere between 1976 and 1977, appointed him the high commissioner to Nigeria. Nyerere like him and promoted and reassigned him rapidly. He crucial government posts in the late 1970s and 1980s. He also served in diplomacy in the United States and Canada in the mid-1980s.
Mkapa then joined Parliament. He was voted in to represent Masasi District in 1985. He was nominated to the central committee of Chama Cha Mapinduzi in 1987. CCM had succeeded TANU.
The ruling party gave him the Party’s presidential ticker in July 1995. In October, the same year, he garnered 62 percent of the vote in Tanzania’s first multiparty elections. He was sworn in as president in November 1995.
Mkapa focused on the deregulation of the economy through increased output to widen the tax base and the execution of strict revenue collection. He was cited in World Statesman as saying, “We… recognize that the government has no business on the eve of the 21st century to be in business.”
He persuaded Parliament to pass a law endorsing the sale of the National Bank of Commerce (NBC)—the country’s biggest state-owned commercial bank. Mkapa championed the restructuring since the World Bank was withheld $125 million as a retributive measure to spur immediate compliance to their recommendations.
President Mkapa shortly faced tremendous problems. In the presidential election s, the CCM victory in Zanzibar was marred by intimidation, violence and fraud, intimidation.
International observers pointed out last-minute rigging during the vote-tallying process. CCM was accused of last-minute vote-rigging to ensure a very narrow victory. Some referred to the reality that in Pemba, even with ballot stuffing, CCM failed to get a single legislative seat.
17 Western nations called for a press conference and demanded a recount. This put into jeopardy the future of the West’s investment a key ingredient in the country’s development.
Kenyans Kenyans have received the news that Benjamin Mkapa is died with shock. Mkapa, brokered the peace agreement between President Kibaki and former Prime Minister Raila Odinga after months of violence following a disputed election.